${countryLabel} 
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}
  • ${countryLabel}

Validation

LanguageCert uses an item banking approach to the development, calibration and storage of exam materials. All exam materials are pre-tested and calibrated to ensure the comparability of test forms with regard to content and difficulty.

LanguageCert uses a modified version of the Weir Framework in its approach to research and validation. The Framework provides a useful way of structuring elements such as candidate characteristics; contextual characteristics in terms of fairness; cognitive processes required to complete tasks; the extent to which scores may be depended upon; test impact as well as external evidence that demonstrates that tests are performing as intended.

Taking these elements into consideration has informed the reworking of exam materials to ensure the highest quality and rigorous standards.

In order to ensure the quality and validation of levels, exams are monitored through ongoing internally- and externally-validated research. A number of externally-commissioned research projects are listed in the table below and will be available to download in the near future.

 

Research publications

  • Milanovic, M., & Cheilari, A. 2021. LanguageCert – A Multilingual Language Testing System. LanguageCert: Athens, Greece.  Download
  • Lampropoulou, L., & Papargyris, Y. 2019. External Validation of LanguageCert’s English Language Examinations, LanguageCert: Athens, Greece. Download
  • Green, A. 2019. Relating LanguageCert Communicator to the CEFR. Centre for Research in English Language Learning and Assessment: University of Bedfordshire, UK. Download
  • UK NARIC. 2019. LanguageCert ESOL International Qualifications: Independent CEFR Referencing – Executive Summary Report. National Recognition Information Centre for the United Kingdom: Cheltenham, UK. Download
  • O’Sullivan, B. 2008. City & Guilds Communicator Level IESOL Examination (B2) CEFR Linking Project Case Study Report. Roehampton University, UK. Download